Naturalization And Citizenship

Naturalization is the legal process of obtaining U.S. citizenship after birth. A naturalized citizen enjoys all the rights and privileges of natural born citizens, including the right to vote, serve on a jury and participate in government and the political process.


The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) lays out the requirements for naturalization, which include:

  • A specific period of continuous residence in the United States;
  • Meeting the requirements of physical presence within the U.S. over a certain time period;
  • State residency requirements for at least three months for filing purposes;
  • The ability to speak, read and write basic English;
  • A knowledge and understanding of United States government and history;
  • Attachment to the principles of the Constitution;
  • Being of good moral character;
  • Favorable disposition toward the United States.